There is no Casteism In Sanatan dharma , Difference Between Casteism and Varna's (Professions) .

Short Answer There is no casteism in dharma , Their are 4 varnas (professions) which are possible in human world , and all 4 varnas are required for a good civilization , Its how any person does his karma or his desire to follow a passion , all 4 varnas are equal and all are important,

brahmin - teacher (profession)

Kashtriya - army , police (profession)

Vaishya - businessman , trader (profession)

shudra - farmer , cook (profession)

Lets First Start With 

Were Hindus always casteist?





The whole world thinks that India has many castes which are the most reason of discrimination of individuals , but its massive misconception of class structure spread across the world to defame culture of Ancient Bharat (India) because it had been the most important systematically designed system for people from thousands of years. Now let me tell you was the meaning of Varna and class structure within the Bharat and the way it had been started.
In ancient Bharat (India) there have been two great saints, one was Bhrigu, and other was Bharadwaj. They met to debate the way to structure a stable society for a person's being to measure a correct life. First, they recognised the four sources which are

Knowledge
Weapons
Wealth
Land

They decided to form a system where nobody has quite that of that. These shouldn't be in one hand. Not even two should be in one hand. So those that know won't have wealth, won't have weapons and can not have lands. those that will have weapons will rule the country, but they're going to not make policy. they have to travel to people knowing to hunt their permission and advice. those that are having wealth, their social station are going to be decided by what proportion philanthropy they are doing not by their wealth. those that have lands need to produce for society. In facts, none of those four categories or varna was supported my birth.

People think that Brahmins wont to have supremacy in Bharat and that they use to rule the Bharat, but it had been wrong because many of the prominent saints which are worshipped in Hindu society were from the family which are referred to as Shudra nowadays like Ved Vyasha who was a Maharishi, who wrote the Mahabharat, his mother was a fisherwoman. Maharishi Valmiki, who wrote the Ramayan, was considered as a toddler of Dalit women. Kalidash, who is that the greatest poet our country has produced was a Hunter. Rishi Vishwamitra, who was considered rishi of rishi, was born in Kshatriya family. It proves that Sanatan Dharma doesn't have varna or caste-based on birth.
There is an enormous list where people from shudra or Dalit family become brahmins and kshatriya and even many of us born from brahmin family become shudra as Ravana was Brahmin whom no Hindu worship also he's called as Rakshash means devil and was killed by a kshatriya Shri Ram with the assistance of Dalit because Vanars means the people that wont to sleep in forest. 

So we'd like to know that the class structure isn't by birth and will reject it altogether. The western world misunderstood the class structure , and now even people from Bharat don't know what cast system is. This was also made by wise peoples to classify the profession supported their knowledge and wisdom when the entire world wont to sleep in caves and wasn't conscious of business and repair .
Bharat has 6500 classifications of professions like locksmith, goldsmith, barber etc. are an occupation which was used as caste in Bharat from thousands of years which shows that Bharat was conscious of different businesses and services and classified them when the entire world was in caves.

Manu Smriti and Shudras


If Agniveer were to list the highest two nuisances in India, it might undoubtedly be birth-based class structure and gender discrimination.

Yes, India is suffering from a plethora of challenges today – corruption, fundamentalism, terrorism, conversions, moral degradation, lack of education, health issues, sanitation problems then more . But despite of these problems and threats, the highest two – by a good margin – would remain casteism and gender discrimination.

This is because all the remainder of the issues are often attributed in a method or the opposite to those two core disgraces of our otherwise glorious culture. And till these two problems – that remain the first causes of just about all our miseries of past and present – are eradicated from root, the hope of an excellent future would remain nothing quite hallucinations of an insane.

In other words, a prosperous and powerful society cannot co-exist with casteism and gender-discrimination.

Please note that casteism and gender-discrimination aren't specifically Hindu issues. On contrary, they're more of cultural issues. Gender discrimination has been a worldwide phenomenon for ages. And casteism looks like a South Asian nuisance affecting all societies and religions that breed here.

However Hinduism being the oldest culture and fountainhead of all other religions has got to accept the blame of polluting the source. Because these two nuisances were tolerated, the society was weakened and deluged with numerous different cults and religions resulting in further weaknesses. All resulting in this mess and every one the messes of past that we all know from history.

It is surprising to seek out even today, many an defenders of those two nuisances from otherwise intellectual and educated backgrounds. The virus of birth-based superiority is so strong that it renders even the foremost rational insane. Many of those virus-affected patients are considered among scholars and leaders of up to date Hinduism!

They would innocently point to ancient scriptures that justify these nuisances then plan to prove the ‘science’ behind consuming this trash. the foremost popular scripture that's used as scapegoat is that the Manu Smriti – the oldest text on social systems.

Some also plan to allege casteism in Vedas also . However we've already debunked these fake claims and established the Vedic view within the series on Vedas and class structure . Refer Vedas totally reject class structure 

In this series of articles, we shall evaluate the Manu Smriti.

Now, Manu Smriti is among the foremost controversial texts of Vedic culture. it's not only referred to as the primary codified text on ethics and laws within the world, but also as a text promoting blatant casteism. the whole Dalit movement of recent times is predicated on foundations of protesting against ‘Manuvaad’.

While Manu is hero for casteists, Dalit leaders typecast Manu as an excellent villain. Copies of Manu Smriti are burnt en bloc to showcase love for backward sections of society by likes of Agnivesh, Mayawati and lots of more. Films are made depicting Manu as a horned devil in guise of scholar forcing brutal atrocity on lower caste people to satisfy his perverted fetishes. Manu Smriti has become the favourite pasture for scavengers keen on bashing Hinduism and Vedas. This becomes among the foremost potent tools for promoting conversion faraway from Hinduism. And interestingly most of those Manu bashers perhaps never ever gave Manu Smriti a significant reading!

On other side, for sadist forces within Hinduism who want to fool themselves et al. on basis of their so-called birth superiority, Manu Smriti may be a sacred text that provides them the divine authority to deny fair treatment to at least one section of population merely because they weren't born special. they might quote from fake adulterated verses of Manu Smriti that smell of casteism and gender discrimination, conveniently ignoring plethora of shlokas that talk precisely the opposite.

The tussle between these two forces has not only shaped the present cheap politics of Bharat but has been a serious factor resulting in foreign invasions of last 1000 years. This wretched caste-system was the prime reason why we couldn't defend our nation against barbaric invaders. This illogical caste-system was the prime reason why India had to be partitioned in 1947. And this disgusting caste-system is that the prime reason why despite such a lot of talent and intellectual treasure, India remains a sluggish meek spineless snail within the race towards prosperity and power.

Thus it becomes utmost necessary to review Manu Smriti and check what it actually stands for.
There are 3 major allegations on Manu Smriti:Three allegations on Manu Smriti

1. Manu founded the caste-system supported birth.

2. Manu legalized harsh punishments for Shudras and special provisions for upper-castes and particularly Brahmins.

3. Manu was anti-women and condemned them. He accorded inferior rights to women.

Let us now review these allegations using evidences from Manu Smriti itself.

In this article, we shall review the primary allegation – that Manu was founding father of birth-based class structure .

We would strongly recommend that the readers review our series on class structure in Vedas to know the context and definitions of Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra as per Vedas. Please review the series at http://agniveer.com/post_series/caste-series/

1. Manu Smriti hails from an era when even the concept of birth-based class structure didn't exist. Thus Manu Smriti nowhere supports a social organization supported birth. Maharshi Manu took inspiration from Vedas (refer Rigveda 10.10.11-12, Yajurveda 31.10-11, Atharvaveda 19.6.5-6) and proposed a social organization supported qualities, actions and nature of the individual.
Manu Smriti and class structure 

2. this is often called Varna System. Now the very word Varna derived from root “Vrinja” means “Choice“. an identical usage happens in common used word “Varan” meaning “choosing” or “Var” meaning a husband chosen by the girl. This also shows that in Vedic system the girl had complete rights to settle on her husband.

3. the most important proof of Manu Smriti proposing Varna System and NOT class structure is that within the first Chapter of Manu Smriti, there's mention of origin of 4 Varnas and no mention of castes or gotras. Had caste or gotra been important, Manu would have mentioned which castes belong to Brahmins, which to Kshatriyas, which to Vaishyas and which to Shudras.

This also means those that feel proud in calling themselves Brahmins or upper-caste by birth haven't any evidence to prove so. they will at the best prove that a couple of generations of their forefathers wont to also call themselves upper-caste. But there's no thanks to prove that they were upper-castes since inception of civilization. And once they cannot prove so, what right do they need to allege that a so-called birth-based Shudra was also not a Brahmin several generations ago? which they themselves weren't Shudras a couple of generation ago!

4. actually Manu Smriti 3.109 clearly states that one who eats by glorifying his Gotra or Family is taken into account an eater of his own vomit. Thus, as per the Manu Smriti that the self-proclaimed birth-based Brahmins or upper-castes believe , the very act of glorifying their lineage or gotra to demand special privileges makes them deserving of condemnation.

5. Manu Smriti 2.136 states that one earns respect thanks to wealth, company, age, actions and knowledge in increasing order. there's no mention of family, gotra, caste, lineage and other non-factors to demand or earn respect.

Migration within Varnas

6. Manu Smriti 10.65 asserts that Brahmin can become Shudra and Shudra can become Brahmin. Similarly Kshtariyas and Vaishyas also can change their Varnas.

7. Manu Smriti 9.335: If a Shudra (uneducated) serves the educated ones, is polite, barren of ego and stays in respectful company of knowledgeable ones, he/ she is taken into account as having a noble birth and stature.

8. There are several shlokas in Manusmriti that state that an individual belonging to high Varna falls right down to level of a Shudra (uneducated) if he doesn't conduct noble deeds. for instance ,

2.104: an individual who doesn't worship the Supreme Lord twice daily should be considered a Shudra.

 2.172. He who has not been initiated with teaching of the Vedas may be a Sudra.

4.245: A Brahmin acquires brilliance through company of noble persons and avoiding bad company. On contrary, if he indulges in bad company, he becomes a Shudra.

Thus clearly, Brahmin refers to a scholar who conducts noble deeds. And Shudra refers to an ignoramus . This has nothing to try to to with birth in any manner.

2.168: A Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya who puts efforts in other areas except understanding and following the Vedic precepts becomes a Shudra and his future generations also suffer from ignorance of Vedas.

Thus, as per Manu Smriti, almost the whole population of India today, barring few exceptions, is Shudra because we don't abide by the Vedic concepts and are indulged in anti-Vedic activities – corruption, casteism, selfishness, superstitions, irrationality, gender-discrimination, sycophancy, immorality etc.

2.126: albeit he's a Brahmin otherwise, an individual who doesn't politely answer a greeting is really a Shudra (uneducated person).

Even Shudras can teach

9. Though Shudra means an ignoramus , a Shudra also can become an educator for specific knowledge that he has. for instance ,

2.238: One should acquire knowledge even from an individual born during a low family otherwise. Similarly, one should accept a noble woman as wife albeit her family is otherwise not up to mark.

2.241. If needed, one may acquire knowledge from one who isn't a Brahmin; which he shall follow and serve such an educator , as long because the instruction lasts.

Status of Brahmin is acquired by deeds and not by name




10. As per Manu Smriti, one has got to earn the qualification of Brahmin. During childhood, parents are alleged to send their children for specialised education of Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya counting on observed nature of youngsters . numerous Brahmin parents may desire that their children also become Brahmins. However that's not sufficient. One becomes Brahmin as long as he completes the education and not merely by taking birth during a Brahmin family or taking admission in Brahmin course of a gurukul.

2.157: A Brahmin barren of education is like an elephant made from wood or a deer made from leather. they're merely namesake and not real.

2.28: The body is formed fit be called Brahmin only through study of scriptures, discipline, noble selfless deeds, study of duties, science and meditation, charity and goal oriented actions.

Education is true birth

11. As per Manu, actual birth happens after completion of education. All citizenry are Shudras or uneducated when born. those that complete their education are alleged to have a replacement birth. Thus they're called Dwija or Twice Born. those that were unable to finish the education remain Shudra. This has nothing to try to to with birth or heredity. this is often pure meritocracy.

2.148: When an educator who is well-versed in Vedas teaches a student the science of Gayatri (that summarizes all principles of Vedas and rational living), then the particular birth of the scholar takes place. This birth is free from risks of death or destruction and leads the scholar to immortality.

Thus, ditch being a Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya, one isn't considered even a person's unless he/she receives education.

2.146: The teacher who provides education may be a father who is far greater than the daddy who gave birth. The knowledge provided by the teacher remains with the soul even after the death and leads him to immortality. But the body provided by father destroys when death comes.

2.147: The birth that happens from womb of mother after parents desire for procreation is a standard birth. Real birth happens when the person completes his education.

Thus, citing lineage to showcase casteist superiority is a particularly foolish act as per Manu Smriti. rather than quoting the clan, one becomes superior by showcasing that he's more educated.

10.4: Brahmin, Kashtriya and Vaishya take second birth after education. Shudra who couldn't complete education is fourth Varna. there's no fifth Varna among Arya or noble people.

This also means merely because an individual didn't complete education doesn't make him a villain. he's still considered a noble person if his deeds are noble.

And if he completes the education, he can become a Dwija also . Thus Shudra is an adjective and NOT a nomenclature for any castes.

Never insult anyone born in lower family
12. To further make sure that one isn't insulted or denied opportunities merely because he/she was born during a family where others didn't excel in education, wealth or other parameters of success in society, Maharshi Manu laid the rule very clearly:
4.141: Never deny respect and/or rights to an individual who is handicapped, uneducated, aged, not handsome, not wealthy or coming from a lower family. These aren't the parameters to guage an individual .
Examples of Varna migration in ancient history

13. The concept of Varnas – Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra – being merit based and NOT birth based isn't merely a theoretical concept. it had been practiced in ancient era. the best misery befell on us when our misguided ancestors converted this scientific meritocracy into a foolish birth-based system causing all the miseries we face today.

Here are some examples:

a. Aitareya Rishi was son of a Daasa or criminal but became a Brahmin of highest order and wrote Aitareya Brahman and Aitareyopanishad. Aitareya Brahman is taken into account critical to know Rigveda.

b. Ailush Rishi was son of a Daasi, gambler and of low character. However he researched on Rigveda and made several discoveries. Not only was he invited by Rishis but also made an Acharya. (Aitareya Brahman 2.19)

c. Satyakaam Jaabaal was son of a prostitute but became a Brahmin.

d. Prishadh was son of King Daksha but became a Shudra. Further he did Tapasya to realize salvation after repenting. (Vishnu Puran 4.1.14)

Had Tapasya been banned for Shudra as per the fake story from Uttar Ramayan, how could Prishadh do so?

e. Nabhag, son of King Nedishtha became Vaishya. Many of his sons again became Kshatriya. (Vishnu Puran 4.1.13)

f. Dhrist was son of Nabhag (Vaishya) but became Brahmin and his son became Kshatriya (VP 4.2.2)

g. Further in his generation, some became Brahmin again (VP 9.2.23)

h. As per Bhagvat, Agniveshya became Brahmin though born to a king.

i. Rathotar born in Kshatriya family became a Brahmin as per Vishnu Puran and Bhagvat.

j. Haarit became Brahmin though born to Kshatriya (VP 4.3.5)

k. Shaunak became Brahmin though born in Kshatriya family. (VP 4.8.1). In fact, as per Vayu Puran, Vishnu Puran and Harivansh Puran, sons of Shaunak Rishi belonged to all or any four Varnas.

Similar examples exist of Gritsamad, Veethavya and Vritsamati.

l. Matanga was son of Chandal but became a Brahmin. (Mahabharat Anushasan Parva Chapter 3)

m. Raavan was born from Pulatsya Rishi but became a Rakshas.

n. Pravriddha was son of Raghu King but became a Rakshas.

o. Trishanku was a king but became a Chandal.

p. Sons of Vishwamitra became Shudra. Vishwamitra himself was a Kshatriya who later became a Brahmin.

q. Vidur was son of a servant but became a Brahmin and minister of Hastinapur empire.

r. Vatsa became a Rishi though born to a Shudra (Aitareya Brahman 2.19)

s. Many verses of adulterated Manu Smriti (10.43-44) state that certain castes were earlier Kshtariya but became Shudra later. These verses are adulterated but prove that idea of Varna migration did exist. The castes mentioned are: Paundrak, Audru, Dravid, Kamboj, Yavan, Shak, Parad, Palhava, Cheen, Kirat, Darad, Khash.

t. Mahabharat Anushasana Parva 35.17-18 adds the subsequent to above list: Mekal, Laat, Kanvashira, Shaundik, Daarva, Chaur, Shabar, Barbar.

u. Several gotras are common across Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Dalits implying that each one of them hailed from same family but rather got entrapped within the stupid casteism.

Respect for Shudras

14. Manu was an excellent humanitarian. He knew that not all Shudras miss their education deliberately. He also understood that simply because one ignored education in early a part of his life doesn't mean that he should be penalized for that mistake for entire life. Thus he ensured that even Shudras get their due respect in society. Thus he never used any insulting adjective for Shudras. On contrary their are several instances of Manu using respectful adjectives for Shudras.

Being vulnerable thanks to lack of education, Shudras deserve greater sensitivity in treatment from remainder of the society as per Manu. we've seen some samples of these earlier.

Here are some more:

3.112: If a Shudra or Vaishya comes as a guest, the family should feed him with due respect.

3.116: A householder should eat from remaining food only after he has fed the students and servants (Shudras) to their satisfaction.

2.137: a really old Shudra deserves more respect than anyone else no matter their wealth, company, age, actions or knowledge. This special provision is accorded only to Shudra.

Vedas are foundation of Manu Smriti

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 13.0px 0.0px; line-height: 19.0px; font: 13.0px Georgia} 15. No text aside from Vedas is free from potential for interpolations. to know why Vedas are resistant to tampering, please review http://agniveer.com/why-vedas-cannot-be-changed-hi/

That is why Vedas are accorded such high importance in our culture. Vedas form the inspiration of everything else and hence if Vedas are conserved, other texts are often derived by seers in future also .

16. Thus the benchmark for interpreting the other scriptural text is that the Vedas. they're to be interpreted and accepted only to extent they suits Vedas. this is often true for ALL texts including Smritis, Brahmans, Mahabharat, Ramayan, Geeta, Upanishads, Ayurveda, Neeti Shastra, Darshans etc.

17. Manu himself announces within the Manu Smriti that Vedas alone form the inspiration of Dharma. Refer 2.8-2.11

(Manu 2.8: A learned man after fully scrutinising all this with the attention of data , should, in accordance with the authority of the Vedas, bent the performance of his duties.)

Thus, it becomes clear that Manu Smriti has got to be interpreted ONLY in lines with Vedas.

Shudras have right to review Vedas and conduct Vedic rituals

18. Vedas very clearly provide right to Shudras (and women) – actually entire humanity – to review Vedas and conduct Vedic rituals like Yajna. Refer Yajurveda 26.1, Rigveda 10.53.4, Nirukta 3.8 etc. Also refer our series on Vedic class structure at http://agniveer.com/series/caste-system-3/

Thus Manu Smriti also supports an equivalent Vedic truth. that's why nowhere within the context of Upanayan (education initiation) does Manu forbid Upanayan or sacred thread for Shudras. On contrary, one who refuses to simply accept Sacred Thread of education is named a Shudra!

19. In lines with Vedas, Manu also orders the ruler to make sure that the salary and perks of Shudras be never reduced in any circumstance. (7.125-126, 8.216)

Summary:

To summarize, the idea of Manu formulating a birth-based class structure is baseless. On contrary, Manu Smriti is vehemently against any regard to family or birth to guage an individual . The Varna system of Manu may be a pure meritocracy.

Each human has all the 4 Varnas – Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Manu attempted to arrange the predominant Varna of every individual in social context during a manner that aids individual and collective uplift.

We shall review the opposite two allegations on Manu prescribing harsh punishments for Shudras and preferential treatment for Brahmins; and being anti-woman in subsequent articles.

But we might wish to conclude this part from what Manu himself said about fraud and wrong practices.

He says in 4.30 that frauds, wrong practices, deceit, perversion and falsehood shouldn't be respected even by words.

Caste system supported birth is one among the foremost disgusting fraudulent deceitful perverted and false practices to exist among civilized citizenry . And thus, as per Manu and as per Vedas, one should work to destroy this criminal practice by all means – harshest words and strongest actions. to point out soft corner to birth-based class structure even in words is against Manu.

Wait Wait Wait Agniveer!

Before you finish , I demand you to elucidate those perverted verses of Manu Smriti that are quoted everywhere to justify birth-based casteism and gender discrimination. I can provide many such shlokas from Manu Smriti.

Agniveer:

That is the purpose my friend. How can an equivalent Manu Smriti have both verses defending also as rejecting birth-based casteism? this suggests that Manu Smriti demands a better scrutiny. We shall also do an equivalent during a future article. But in summary:

a. the present Manu Smriti is filled with interpolated/ adulterated verses that were added much later for various reasons. Almost 50% of Manu Smriti is really fake.

b. Interpolation isn't a drag with Manu Smriti. aside from Vedas – that are preserved through a singular Patha and Swara method – all other texts of just about all belief systems are susceptible to modifications, interpolations and deletions. These include Ramayana, Mahabharat, Bible, Quran. to not talk about texts like Bhavishya Puran that continued to be modified till press arrived!

c. Three editions of Ramayan are available today – Dakshinatya, Pashchamottariya and Gaudiya which are different. Even Geetapress Gorakhpur has indicated many chapters as adulterated (Prakshipta). Most scholars agree that Balkanda and Uttarkanda are grossly adulterated.

Similarly Mahabharat is understood to be a grossly interpolated text. Garud Puran Brahmakanda 1.59 states that in Kaliyuga many frauds are posing as Brahmins to get rid of certain shlokas and add new ones in Mahabharat.

Mahabharat Shantiparva 265.9, 4 itself states that Vedic texts clearly prohibit alcohol, fish and meat. of these are propagated by frauds who have added such verses in scriptures through deceit.

Original version of Bible doesn't exist today! We only have translations of translations of some translations of the first Bible which nobody has ever seen.

Quran is also claimed to be a modified version of original teachings of Muhammad. Refer http://satyagni.com/3118/miracle-islam/

Thus no wonder Manu Smriti – the oldest text on social systems – is additionally susceptible to modifications. More so because Manu Smriti historically had the best influence in day to day lifetime of each citizen also as politics of the state . in any case it had been just like the constitution for hundreds of years . Thus the incentives for a crooked one to interpolate Manu Smriti were very high.

d. once we review Manu Smriti, we discover 4 sorts of interpolations: to bring completeness, for selfish reasons, to exaggerate and to bring defects. Most of those interpolations are blatantly obvious. Dr Surendra Kumar has written an in depth translation of Manu Smriti in Hindi that analyzes each shloka on various parameters to comb out those verses that are obviously interpolated.

 

He has deduced that of the 2685 shlokas of Manu Smriti, a minimum of 1471 shlokas are adulterated. He has classified the adulterations as :

– out of subject

– out of context

– contradictory

– repetition

– difference in usage and elegance 

– blatant contradiction with Vedas

We recommend all keen students of Vedic texts to acquire a replica of Manu Smriti by Dr Surendra Kumar (published by Aarsh Sahitya Prachar Trust, Delhi) which might make now as transparent as air.

e. Dr Surendra Kumar isn't the sole person to means adulterations in Manu Smriti. Even many an western indologists like Macdonnell, Keith, Buhler etc have expressed an equivalent .

f. Even BR Ambedkar accepted that ancient scriptures are adulterated. He has alleged adulterations in Ramayan, Mahabharat, Geeta, Purans and even in Vedas. He cited contradictory verses from Manu Smriti. But he tactfully desisted from calling these verses of Manu Smriti as adulterated.

This myopic act of Ambedkar did make him a hero of Dalit movement. It did fire up an anti-Manu movement and created political careers for several a politicians including Ambedkar himself. But this selective honesty only worsened the caste-based hatred and made Manu – a real hero – a well-liked villain.

Even so-called Arya Samaji Sanyasis like Agnivesh burnt copies of Manu Smriti and disgraced the good Rishi only to attain political brownies. Though he alright knew that Swami Dayanand himself had asserted that Manu Smriti has been interpolated but the unadulterated verses of Manu Smriti form the inspiration of his Vedic ideology.

And now people expect such enlightened people to be instrumental in eradicating corruption from the state by being masterminds of Anna Hazare movement! We seem to never learn from history! But thats a special story.

Conclusion:

Manu Smriti has been subject to significant adulterations. However the adulterated verses are easy to spot and trash. the remainder of the Manu Smriti is a superb text that establishes the foundations of a meritocracy based rational society that values each individual and ensures collective success.

Vedas form the inspiration of original Manu Smriti.

The existing movement against Manu Smriti is only a political game led by those that never reviewed Manu Smriti in first place.

True Manuvaad refers to finish outright rejection of birth-based class structure and heavy punishment for those that justify discrimination on basis of birth. It also refers to refusal of word ‘Dalit’ or ‘crushed one’ surely people that are completely adequate to remainder of the humanity altogether aspects.

Let us all work to put in this Manuvaad in our society by working towards a totally casteless and merit-based society. this is often the sole thanks to save humanity and therefore the nation.

Let us follow truth Dharma – that's same for all citizenry no matter caste, birth, gender, geography, religion and other baseless parameters.

Manu Smriti 8.17: Dharma or noble deeds is merely one true friend that accompanies one ever after death. All others desert one as soon as death has overtaken.


There is no caste-system in Vedas


In articles published thus far during this series, we've seen how misleading are the false stories of Aryan Invasion and subjugation of natives as slaves indulged in menial jobs. On contrary, we've seen the Vedas uphold highest dignity of labor. we've also seen that Daas/ Dasyu or Rakshas which are interpreted as natives or slaves of Aryans, are literally synonyms of criminals. Any civilized society has got to keep these criminals in restraint .

We have also seen that Vedas consider all the four Varnas including Shudra as Arya and provides them utmost respect.

It is unfortunate that during this country of ours, where Vedas were the inspiration of our culture, we forgot these original lessons of Vedas and got trapped during a sort of misconceptions regarding birth-based class structure and discrimination of individuals born in certain castes collectively referred to as Shudras.

The misleading theories of communists and biased indologists have already caused an excellent damage to our society and have sown seeds of differences. it's unfortunate that so-called Dalits consider themselves outcaste and hence we fail to unite together for prosperity and security. the sole solution is to travel back to the roots – the Vedas – and rebuild our understanding of our relationships with one another .

1.In this article, we shall evaluate the truth of class structure in Vedas and actual meaning of Shudra.

As discussed within the first article “Vedas and Shudra”, there's absolutely no element of hatred or discrimination in Vedas regarding a person – be he or she a Brahmin, Vaishya, Kshatriya or Shudra.

2.

The concept of caste is comparatively new. Vedas contain no word which will be considered a synonym for ‘caste’. the 2 words commonly considered to mean ‘caste’ are Jaati and Varna. However the reality is that, all the three mean completely various things .

Caste may be a European innovation having no semblance in Vedic culture.

Jaati
Jaati means a classification supported source of origin. Nyaya Sutra states “Samaanaprasavaatmika Jaatih” or those having similar birth source form a Jaati.

An initial broad classification made by Rishis is 4-fold: Udbhija (coming out of ground like plants), Andaja (coming out of eggs like birds and reptiles), Pindaja (mammals) and Ushmaj (reproducing thanks to temperature and ambient conditions like virus, bacteria etc).

Similarly, various animals like elephant, lion, rabbits etc form different ‘Jaati’. In same manner, entire humanity forms one ‘Jaati’. a specific Jaati will have similar physical characteristics, cannot change from one Jaati to a different and can't cross-breed. Thus Jaati is creation of Ishwar or God.

Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra are not any way different Jaati because there's no difference in source of birth or maybe physical characteristics to differentiate between them.

Later, word ‘Jaati’ started getting used to imply any quite classification. Thus in common usage, we call even different communities as different ‘Jaati’. However that's merely convenience of usage. actually , all humans form one single Jaati.

Varna
The actual word used for Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra is ‘Varna’ and not Jaati.

The word ‘Varna’ is employed not just for these four, but also for Dasyu and Arya.

‘Varna’ means one that's adopted by choice. Thus, while Jaati is provided by God, ‘Varna’ is our own choice.

Those who prefer to be Arya are called ‘Arya Varna’. those that prefer to be Dasyu become ‘Dasyu Varna’. Same for Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra.

That is why Vedic Dharma is named ‘Varnashram Dharma’. The word Varna itself implies that this is often supported complete freedom of choice and meritocracy.

3.

Those involved in intellectual activities have chosen ‘Brahmin Varna’. Those into defense and warfare are ‘Kshatriya Varna’. Those in economics and animal rearing are ‘Vaishya Varna’ and people involved in other support functions are “Shudra Varna”. They refer merely to varied choices of professions and don't have anything to try to to with any Jaati or birth.

4.

Often mantras of Purush Sukta are cited to prove that Brahmins originated from Mouth, Kshatriya from hands, Vaishya from thighs and Shudras from legs of God. Thus these varnas are birth-based. However nothing might be more deceptive. allow us to see why:

a. Vedas describe God to be shapeless and unchangeable. How can such a God form of a big person if he's shapeless. Refer Yajurved 40.8.

b. If indeed this were true, this is able to defy the idea of Karma of Vedas. Because as per Theory of Karma, one’s family of birth can change as per his or her deeds. So one born in Shudra family can take birth as king’s son in next birth. But if Shudras are born from feet of God, how can same Shudra again take birth from hands of God?

c. Soul is timeless and never born. So soul can haven't any Varna. it's only it takes birth as human that it's an opportunity to opt a Varna. Then what's meant by a Varna coming from one a part of God’s body? If Soul didn't take birth from God’s body, then does it mean body of soul is ready from God’s body parts? But as per Vedas, even nature is eternal. And same atoms recycle among various humans. So it's technically impossible for anybody taking birth from God’s body, albeit we assume God to be having a body.

d. The said Purush Sukta is in 31st Chapter of Yajurved, aside from Rigved and Atharvaved with some variations. In Yajurved it's 31.11. to ascertain what it actually means, allow us to check out the previous mantra 31.10.
It asks an issue – Who is mouth? Who is hand? Who is thigh and who is leg?

The next mantra gives the solution – Brahmin is mouth. Kshatriya is hand. Vaishya is thigh and Shudra becomes the legs.

Note that the mantra doesn't say that Brahmin “takes birth” from mouth…It says Brahmin “is” mouth. Because if the mantra would mean “takes birth” it might not answer the question in previous mantra “Who is mouth?”

For example, if I ask “Who is Dashrath?”, a solution like “Rama is born from Dashrath” would be meaningless!

The actual meaning is:
In society, Brahmins or intellectuals form the brain or head or mouth that think and speak. Kshatriya or defense personnel form the hands that protect. Vaishya or producers and businessmen form the thigh that support and nurture (note that thigh bone or femur produces blood and is strongest bone). In Atharvaveda, rather than Uru or Thigh, the word “Madhya” is employed meaning that it denotes also the stomach and central a part of body.

Shudra or labor pool form the legs that lay the inspiration and make the body run.

The next mantras talk about other parts of this body like mind, eyes etc. The Purush Sukta describes the origin and continuation of creation including human society and states ingredients of a meaningful society.

Thus, its a pity that such a gorgeous allegorical description of society and creation is distorted to mean something that's completely contrary to Vedic ethos.

Even the Brahman texts, Manusmriti, Mahabharat, Ramayan and Bhagvat don't state anything even on the brink of crazy hypothesis of God creating Brahmins by tearing of flesh from his mouth, Kshatriya from flesh of hands then on.

5.

It is thus obvious why Brahmins are accorded high respect in Vedas. this is often same as what happens even in modern society. Scholars and experts get our respect because they form the direction-providers for entire humanity. However, as we've discussed in previous articles, dignity of labor is equally emphasized in Vedas and hence there's no element of discrimination.

6.

In Vedic culture, most are considered to change state as Shudra. Then supported his or her education, one becomes a Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya. This completion of education is taken into account to be a second birth. Hence these three Varnas are called “Dwija” or twice-born. But those that remain uneducated for whatever reasons aren't discarded from society. They continue as Shudra and perform support-activities for the society.


7.

A son of Brahmin, if he fails to finish his education, becomes a Shudra. Similarly, son of a Shudra or maybe a Dasyu, if he completes his education can become a Brahmin, Kshatriya or Vaishya. this is often pure meritocracy. The way degrees are accorded today, Yajnopaveet was provided in Vedic system. Further, non-compliance with the code of conduct for every Varna could end in removing of the Yajnopaveet.

8.

Many examples exist of change of Varnas in Vedic history.

a. Aitareya Rishi was son of a Daasa or criminal but became a Brahmin of highest order and wrote Aitareya Brahman and Aitareyopanishad. Aitareya Brahman is taken into account critical to know Rigveda.

b. Ailush Rishi was son of a Daasi, gambler and of low character. However he researched on Rigveda and made several discoveries. Not only was he invited by Rishis but also made an Acharya. (Aitareya Brahman 2.19)

c. Satyakaam Jaabaal was son of a prostitute but became a Brahmin.

d. Prishadh was son of King Daksha but became a Shudra. Further he did Tapasya to realize salvation after repenting.
(Vishnu Puran 4.1.14)
Had Tapasya been banned for Shudra as per the fake story from Uttar Ramayan, how could Prishadh do so?

e. Nabhag, soon of King Nedishtha became Vaishya. Many of his sons again became Kshatriya. (Vishnu Puran 4.1.13)

f. Dhrist was son of Nabhag (Vaishya) but became Brahmin and his son became Kshatriya (VP 4.2.2)

g. Further in his generation, some became Brahmin again (VP 9.2.23)

h. As per Bhagvat, Agniveshya became Brahmin though born to a king.

i. Rathotar born in Kshatriya family became a Brahmin as per Vishnu Puran and Bhagvat.

j. Haarit became Brahmin though born to Kshatriya (VP 4.3.5)

k. Shaunak became Brahmin though born in Kshatriya family. (VP 4.8.1). In fact, as per Vayu Puran, Vishnu Puran and Harivansh Puran, sons of Shaunak Rishi belonged to all or any four Varnas.

Similar examples exist of Gritsamad, Veethavya and Vritsamati.

l. Matanga was son of Chandal but became a Brahmin.

m. Raavan was born from Pulatsya Rishi but became a Rakshas.

n. Pravriddha was son of Raghu King but became a Rakshas.

o. Trishanku was a king but became a Chandal

p. Sons of Vishwamitra became Shudra. Vishwamitra himself was a Kshatriya who later became a Brahmin.

q. Vidur was son of a servant but became a Brahmin and minister of Hastinapur empire.

9.

The word “Shudra” has are available Vedas around 20 times. Nowhere has it been utilized in a derogatory manner. Nowhere it mentions that Shudras are untouchable, birth-based, disallowed from study of Vedas, lesser in status than other Varnas, disallowed in Yajnas.

10.

In Vedas, Shudra means a hard-working person. (Tapase Shudram – Yajurved 30.5). which is why Purush Sukta calls them as foundation of entire human society.

11.

Since the four Varnas ask 4 sorts of activities by choice, as per Vedas, an equivalent person exhibits characteristics of the 4 varnas in several situations. Thus everyone belongs to all or any the 4 varnas. However, for simplicity sake, we ask the predominant profession to be the representative Varna.

And hence, all humans should strive to be all the 4 Varnas to better of their capabilities, as per Vedic wisdom. this is often the essence of Purush Sukta.

The Rishis like Vasisth, Vishwamitra, Angira, Gautam, Vaamdeva and Kanva exhibited traits of all the four Varnas. they found meanings of Vedic mantras, destroyed Dasyus, did manual labour and indulged in wealth management for welfare .
We should also emulate an equivalent .

In summary, we see that the Vedic society considers all humans to be one single Jaati or race, upholds the dignity of labor and provides civil right for all humans to adopt the Varna of their choice.

There is no element of birth-based discrimination of any manner within the Vedas.

May we all unite together together integrated family, reject the last element of birth-based discrimination of any manner and embrace one another as brothers and sisters.

May we also thwart the designs of these who want to mislead us by making baseless claims of casteism in Vedas and destroy the criminals aka Dasyu/Daas/Rakshas.

May we all come under the shelter of Vedas and work together to strengthen the humanity together single family.

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